Asthma is a chronic inflammatory infection of the airways. It results in coughing fits, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and difficulty breathing.
Asthma is responsible for over 900 deaths a year and affects more than 4 million people.
Exercise-induced asthma, also called exercise-induced asthma, is characterized by asthma attacks caused by sports or physical activity, but can occur up to 5-10 minutes after ” effort stopped during the recovery period.
Getting to know asthma better
The family predisposition of asthma is certain. However, crises are triggered by pollen-type allergens , house dust, animal hair, air pollution and by other causes such as exogenous pollution, cigarette smoke and other industrial smoke.
Intercurrent infections, certain medications, anxiety, and emotion can also manifest as worsening asthma attacks. Frequent illness asthma should not be a barrier to physical activity and / or sport.
ASTHMA IS OFTEN SCREENED BY THE PEDIATRICIAN
Asthmatic disease is more common than one might imagine, since statistics show that around 10% of school-age children may have either asthmatic disease or warning signs that can cause an asthma attack. This figure decreases in adults where only 5 to 6% of adults continue to have asthma.
Asthma is often screened by the pediatrician; however, in the context of a medical check-up of non-contraindication to the practice of a sport, one could easily detect a predisposing factor and refer the child to a specialized doctor. Asthma is a disease that can lead to the onset of chronic heart failure ; if the attacks are uncontrolled, they can be fatal. There are approximately 1,500 deaths per year.
The practice of a sport in dry and cold weather all the more favors the triggering of an asthma attack.
The initial treatment of asthma in the emergency room is based on the trio: aerosol of beta-2 mimetics, oxygen therapy and corticosteroids even during an infectious context (CHI of créteil).
What are the benefits of the practice for people with asthma?
Endurance sports are mainly concerned and in particular those practiced in cold and dry environments; the very practice of sport by its hyper ventilatory solicitation can be at the origin of an increase in the number of asthmatics compared to the non-sports population. However, you can be a high-level athlete and asthmatic; the case of Mark Spitz swimmer at the 7 gold medals at the Munich Olympics is an example.
The athletes most sensitive to asthma are those practicing:
Conversely, the most recommended sports are:
Combat sports like judo (watch out for the allergic atmosphere)
Tennis (watch out for indoor dust)
Recommended leisure sports activities
Swimming and aquagym;
Martial arts ( yoga , tai chi , etc.) and all activities that release stress and allow breathing comfort
Cycling, hiking , rollerblading, improve breathing capacity;
Dance, tennis , gymnastics, climbing, rowing , etc.
Horse riding is not recommended only in certain asthmatic people with an allergy to horses or hay.
Scuba diving is possible in case of mild and well controlled asthma. Only a doctor of the French Federation of underwater sports can give the green light.
Why participate in physical activity?
WHO recommends 30 minutes of physical activity per day for everyone.
People with asthma benefit from daily physical activity because, in addition to the pleasure it provides, it contributes to the proper control of their asthma and gradually increases exercise tolerance. It also strengthens the heart and helps reduce stress.
But the only condition for the practice of a leisure physical activity or a sport, even in competition, is to have a well balanced and controlled asthma.
Physical activity is practiced in everyday life. It is not just about playing a sport. Shopping on foot, gardening , mowing the lawn, cleaning up, walking the dog, playing in the park with the kids, etc. are beneficial activities.
All occasions are good for moving and improving your physical condition.