The prevalence of diabetes in Niger which is 4.3% is one of the highest in the sub-region. Plague of the 21st century, this chronic disease is characterized by a prolonged elevation of the level of sugar in the blood (glycemia), involving risks of hyperglycemia. When this rate exceeds 1.10g on an empty stomach, we speak of hyperglycemia, if this hyperglycemia persists and exceeds 1.26g, we speak of diabetes.
The practice of physical activity makes it possible to have a good physical condition, to thrive psychologically, to prevent cardiovascular diseases and to keep in shape. According to the explanations of doctor Harakoye Seydou Mohamed, sport also exerts a preventive and curative action on diabetes. “Patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have the right to play sports. It is even recommended to them. But if you choose your physical activity carefully and be careful, ”he said. He argued that if you have type 2 diabetes, physical activity is part of the treatment, and if you have type 1 diabetes, it is still possible, but you need good disease management. “The benefits of sport are numerous for diabetics:
Regarding type 2 diabetes, regular physical activity is as effective as medication and diet rules, says Dr. Mohamed. The fact that the muscles are less sensitive to the action of insulin results in an increase in the production of sugar by the liver and a decrease in the use of glucose by the muscles. Physical activity has a powerful effect on insulin resistance since it is opposed to it and, also, it facilitates sensitivity to this hormone. Regarding type 1 diabetes, physical activity is recommended as it is for everyone in general to preserve their health.
But in this case, the problem is the opposite, explains Dr Mohamed. The question is, how can a person with physical activity safely participate in physical activity? Indeed, according to the doctor, controlling blood sugar for this case of diabetes is based on insulin injections. “However, when you exercise, the consumption of glucose by the muscles will increase. “The type 1 diabetic patient must take this into account since if he keeps the same doses of insulin, he risks hypoglycemia. So the key is to learn how to manage your treatment. ” he risks hypoglycemia. So the key is to learn how to manage your treatment. he risks hypoglycemia. So the key is to learn how to manage your treatment. ”
However, he added, a diabetic person can in principle practice all types of sport, but certain activities are to be preferred and others to be avoided. Doctor Mohamed indicated that “the ideal would be to practice 30 to 50 minutes of physical activities such as walking, dancing, cycling, swimming, in order to work the cardiovascular and respiratory system and the muscles always have enough oxygen to burn glucose. At the end of each session, take the time to do some stretching, ”he recommends to diabetic patients.